What is a résumé?
The word résumé comes from the French verb résumér
meaning to recapitulate or sum up. Think of a résumé
as a snapshot in words. A résumé captures a
person's professional experience and education on paper. It's
a marketing tool used by individuals to promote their skills
to prospective employers. Writing résumés, like
fine photography, is both a craft and an art. The writers
of Written by a Pro will show your education, skills and
experience in the best possible light.
Are there different kinds of résumés?
Yes, there are three basic types of résumés.
Very simply stated a chronological résumé lists
your employment experience beginning with the most recent
and working backwards in time, a functional résumé
focuses on your marketable skills, and a chrono-functional
résumé is a blend of the first two formats.
Sometimes called a combination/targeted or blended résumé,
this format features a profile section that highlights qualifications,
keywords, and skills followed by a chronological work history.
The writers of Written by a Pro are skilled in determining
which type of résumé works best--depending upon
your skills, experience and career objective.
What is a CV? How does it differ from a résumé?
The Latin word--curriculum vitae (in its singular form) or
curricula vitae (in its plural form)-- means the course of
one's life. In the USA, CVs (as we call them for short) are
used primarily in academic, scientific, or medical environments.
The schematic CV style is technically oriented and credentials-based,
whereas the résumé style is business-oriented
and performance-based. A CV prepared for a physician usually
lists the doctor's specialty and education, followed by his
or her experience and professional affiliations. In addition,
the physician's publications, presentations, research, patents,
grants, honors, and awards are also carefully detailed. CVs
are generally longer in length than résumés
because older information is not deleted; newer information
is added to create a cumulative view of the course of one's
Do I need a résumé or CV?
Unless you work in academia or healthcare, you will probably
need a résumé instead of a CV when applying
for jobs inside the USA. If you are entering the global job
market, please be aware that CVs are widely used in many countries
around the world for all types of professions and usually
include a section containing biographical information. Therefore,
if you are contacting companies located outside the USA for
potential employment, your international résumé/CV
should be structured accordingly.
Should personal information such as height, weight, and
marital status be included on a résumé?
Ask yourself this question: "Is this information pertinent
to the job?" My advice is this: "When in doubt,
leave it out." In the corporate arena, personal information
is considered superfluous and irrelevant to job performance.
Anti-discrimination laws prohibit the use of certain information
from being used by employers for the purpose of making a hiring
decision. Therefore personal information is best left out
of your résumé.
There are two exceptions that should be mentioned.
- It is standard practice in the entertainment industry
for an actor or model to include personal statistics such
as height, weight, hair color, and eye color on his or her
- If you are applying for a job outside the USA, biographical
data may be expected to be included in your international
résumé/CV. This information can be included
in a section called Personal Data and may be structured
|Date of birth:
||*List Month, Day, Year
|Place of birth:
||*List City, State or Province, Country
||*List Country or Countries (if dual citizenship is held)
||*List Single, Married, Widowed, or Divorced
||*List number of children and their ages
||*List languages spoken and level of proficiency in each
|Open to relocation. Available for assignment
Copyright © 2002 by Sharla Taylor All rights reserved.